Retiro was called the "Barrio del Retiro" (Retirement Neighborhood) after a mansion that was build there by the governor Robles called "El Retiro" and which was surrounded by a fort with numerous canons. The building was years later sold to a English company called "Real Compañía de Guinea" (The Real Guinea Company) that traded slaves that arrived to Buenos Aires. Then area then started to have a lot of movement and was identified as the "Barrio del Retiro." It is one of the places with history that truly deserves to be appreciated, studied and watched with interest.
Retiro remains to this day an area full of constant transition, and is during rush hour a sea of people coming and going from the area that holds three major train stations and the city's biggest bus terminal. Thousands of people come and go through this area every day, and the trains and busses leaving from the Retiro train or buss stations that go to towns in the Zona Norte of the Buenos Aires province, or long distance to many of the other norther provinces in Argentina.
Retiro is a rather small neighborhood area wise compared to others in the City of Buenos Aires, but still offers great diversity between the few blocks that it is made up of. Surrounding the "Plaza Carlos Pellegrini" you can find the most luxurious hotels and apartment buildings, and the distinguished palace area near the "Plaza San Martin" has a contrast almost invisible to the eyes of tourist with the "Villa 31" (a shanty town) that is located behind the Retiro train stations where the 9 de Julio (9th of July) Avenue ends.
The Japanese Park also used to be situated near the train station, where you can today find the Sheraton Hotel along with several other tall apartment buildings. This park was a Retiro trademark, and was for many years one of the most outstanding gathering places in the City of Buenos Aires.
The mythical "Cuerpo de Granaderos a Caballo", was trained in the arts of war under the command of General José de San Martín, on the square that today carries his name. In 1866, in Lower Retiro the first gas company of English origin provided to the whole city of Buenos Aires with a lighting system.
In these days it the area, along with the Micro Centro (San Nicolás), that receives the most tourists that come to the area to look at its beautiful architecture or shop for native products such as hand-crafts, leather work, stones, etc.
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